Determination of Civil and Criminal liability of Artificial intelligence


  • Pritam Kumar National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi, Jharkhand, India



Artificial intelligence, AI liability, civil law, criminal law, innovation, fairness, injustice.


Artificial intelligence (AI) is rapidly becoming a part of our lives, and with it comes the question of liability for any harm that AI may cause. Current civil laws are not well-equipped to deal with this issue, as they are based on the assumption that only humans can be held liable for their actions. This paper will explore the legal implications of AI-caused harm, and will consider whether current laws need to be amended or new laws created to address this issue. The first part of the paper will provide an overview of AI and its current applications. It will then discuss the different types of harm that AI can cause, and the challenges that this poses for the legal system. The second part of the paper will examine the different ways in which AI liability could be assigned. It will consider the possibility of holding AI developers liable, as well as the possibility of holding users liable for the actions of AI systems that they control. The third part of the paper will discuss the potential consequences of different approaches to AI liability. It will consider the impact on innovation, as well as the potential for unfairness and injustice. The paper concludes by arguing that a new legal framework is needed to deal with AI-caused harm. This framework should be based on the principle of accountability, and should ensure that those who are responsible for harm caused by AI are held liable.




How to Cite

Kumar, P. . (2023). Determination of Civil and Criminal liability of Artificial intelligence. DME Journal of Law, 4(01), 48–55.



Research Article